Siege of Termes

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general view of the Termenet passes and the castle from the rock of la Frau. Photo. : Franc Bardou, 1993
The site from the north. In the foreground the passes of Termenet or la Frau, in the middle distance, the rock that supported the tower of Termenet, in the background the castle.

Built on a promontory, defended on three sides by formidable deep ravines, the crumbling ruins of the castle cover an area of 16 000m². Held by the Cathar heretic Ramon (Raymond) de Termes, the castle only fell to Simon de Montfort after a siege lasting four months, from August to November 1210, the hardest siege of the first period of the Albigensian Crusade. Following an exceptionally dry summer and autumn, the empty water tanks led Raymond to offer surrender. However, as the crusaders advanced to possess the castle, they were met with a hail of arrows. A heavy storm overnight had replenished the cisterns and the defenders were able to hold out a little longer.[1] Later, weakened from dysentery, and exposed to the fire of numbers of siege weapons, the garrison attempted unsuccessfully to creep out at night. The alarm was raised, the fugitives caught and killed, and Raymond surrendered the castle. After de Montfort’s death, Raymond regained possession of the castle but was soon forced to give it up again, this time to the King of France.

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